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Rape in the central African republic by French soldiers : by the end of the first survey

No one has been indicted. Tuesday 3 January, the French judges have completed their investigations on the charges of rape of minors brought from 2014 against the soldiers of the force Sangaris then deployed in the central African republic. Two other investigations based on allegations of sexual abuse allegedly committed by French military personnel deployed in the country, were open at the same time under the authority of the parquet de Paris : one was dismissed on 25 November and the other is still in progress, has learned theAFP of justice source.

In the court information, the end of the investigation, notified on 20 December, opens a period of three months during which parties may request further acts of investigation, before the requisitions of the parquet de Paris and a final decision of the judges. But due to the lack of people under investigation, the case could move towards a non-place. From may 2015, three other judges were investigating accusations of rape in the idp camp of m’poko, near the airport of Bangui, between December 2013 and June 2014, aimed at the departure of the fourteen French military.

A business secret

The force Sangaris, which was not under command of theUN, was then deployed since December 2013 to restore security in that country into chaos, sexual violence, and massacres between christians and muslims. The French operation has ended in October. The case was remained secret until the british newspaper The Guardian reveals the end of April 2015 the existence of a confidential note of the united Nations containing the charges of african children alleging sexual abuse in exchange for food or small sums of money. Notified as of July 2014, the French ministry of Defence had submitted to the public prosecutor of Paris, which had opened a preliminary investigation before entrusting an investigation to the investigating judges.

In this delicate matter, the magistrates and the gendarmerie prévôtale in charge of investigating the crimes and offenses committed by military personnel during field operations are not able to substantiate material charges against the soldiers after two and a half years of investigation, according to a source close to the investigation. The judges went to the central african Republic in July 2015 and then in the summer of 2016, in particular to collect testimonies of a dozen children, a complex work of so many variations have appeared in some versions.

Six testimonials

The note of the united nations was a state-of-six stories, four children claiming to be victims and two witnesses of the facts. But other children are reported since, and those who claimed to be witnesses are then reported as the victims, according to the source close to the investigation. Six members designated as that can be molesters of children were heard, but none has been indicted. They have claimed to have given food rations, but denied any sexual abuse.

Since this first case, other charges were laid against the French military. The investigation closed with no action was the case of a young girl who was said to be the victim of a rape in the summer of 2014 before discussing a report made is not protected. The prosecutor’s office in Paris continues, however, its investigation in a preliminary investigation opened last April after a report by the UN on suspicion of sexual assault on three minor girls, between 2013 and 2015 in Dékoa (centre). The information site Mediapart has released on Tuesday a survey under the title “abuses to go unpunished of the operation Sangaris” in related several testimonies of victims who say they have suffered sexual abuse on the part of the French military.

In a context of heavy suspicion of sexual abuse imposed on foreign military personnel based in this very poor country ravaged by conflict, other charges were laid, including against peacekeepers of the UN Mission in the central African republic (Minusca). A UN investigation has recently allowed us to identify 41 peacekeepers gabon or burundi to serve in the Minusca suspected of having committed sexual assault in the prefecture of Kemo (centre) in 2014 and 2015.

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