The presidential election is happening today in Iran is a vote determinant Hassan Rohani and the further opening to the world initiated by the nuclear deal in 2015, with the major powers.
Mr. Rohani, a religious moderate is 68 years old, faces Ebrahim Raissi, religious conservative 56-year-old close to the supreme guide, ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
Raissi presents itself as the advocate of the poor and wants to give priority to the “economy of resistance” focused on production and investment national.
Two small, little-known candidates – a reformer who called to vote for Rohani, and conservative – are also in the running.
Except surprise, the winner should be elected in the first round, including the final results are expected by Sunday at the latest.
In Tehran and in the provinces, the turnout in polling stations was very strong, according to AFP reporters and the images of the national television Irib. The ministry of the Interior table on a turnout of 72%.
In family or between friends, the voters waited patiently, sometimes for over an hour for their turn to vote, taking selfies, talking about policy in the courtesy.
“I’ve always voted”, proudly announced Mahnaz Rafii, a professor of theology 50 years of age, who has chosen Raissi.
Women and men vote more often separately, in the offices of the mosques, but together in those schools.
“The enthusiastic participation of Iranians in the election strengthens the power and the security of the country,” said president Rohani after having voted in Tehran, bathed in sun.
His opponent, Ebrahim Raissi, who has voted at a mosque in a popular area of the south of the capital, was intended to “maximum participation”.
Both have called for the “respect” the choice of the Iranians, whatever the outcome.
Farhadi vote to Cannes
One of the first to have deposited his ballot in the ballot box installed in his residence in Tehran has been Ali Khamenei, who has called on his countrymen to go to the polls “massively, as soon as possible”.
The famous iranian film director Asghar Farhadi was voted to Cannes, where he participated in the festival of cinema, in one of the ballot boxes mobile installed in France by the Iranian embassy, according to the news agency Isna.
Among many voters, Amir Fathollahzadeh, 51 years old, voting for the first time. “I lost almost all my business these past few years, but I vote Rohani for not losing my dignity and my pride,” he said.
On the other hand, Mohsen, 32 years old, who works in the cultural sector, has chosen Mr. Raissi because “our country is surrounded by enemies”. “If we do not strengthen our national capacities, we will be affected,” he says.
The voting is held two days after the us decision to renew the easing of sanctions against Iran, according to the nuclear deal in 2015 between Tehran and six major powers, including the United States.
President Rohani, elected in 2013, has spent most of his first term of four years to the negotiation of this agreement led to the initiation of the economic liberalisation and politics of his country.
But despite this agreement, the mistrust remains between Tehran and Washington broke their diplomatic relations shortly after the islamic revolution in 1979.
Hostility of Trump
The american president Donald Trump, hostile to Iran, will attend Sunday to a summit with muslim leaders from around the world in saudi Arabia, the great rival regional of Tehran.
Despite this hostility, the ambition of Mr. Rohani is continuing with the opening to the world to attract more investment, while Mr Raissi wants to defend the class most disadvantaged by the national preference in the economic field.
In addition to the conclusion of the nuclear deal that has allowed such a recovery in oil exports, the outgoing president has managed to bring down inflation from 40% in 2013 to 9.5%.
Without question, Ebrahim Raissi has denounced the lack of results from the nuclear deal, which has not attracted the investments that can be expected and has not benefited the most disadvantaged of which he makes himself the advocate.
He highlighted the bad unemployment figures (12.5% of the population, 27% of young people), and accused the government of not having acted to “oligarchy”.
In addition to the presidential election, the 56.4 million voters are called to vote for municipal elections: the stakes in the major cities of Tehran, Machhad (nord-est) and Esfahan (centre) is a change from the conservative majority that governs.
Created: 19.05.2017, 16h09